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The History Of The Tattooing

Tattooing has been used since time immemorial as an art of self-expression. Most of the time it appears as a letter, a symbol or a name. Sometimes it is an expression of inner feelings, sometimes it is an ornament, but whatever it is, it is sure to attract attention.
In ancient times, Native Americans, Japanese, Indians and some tribes in Africa used tattoos as an ornament, believing that their tattoos would protect them against diseases and evil. One of the purposes of tattooing was to indicate the society to which one belonged and to indicate one's position in society, hence the history of tattooing goes back to ancient times.
It was understood from the mummies that the ancient Egyptians had tattoos in 2000 BC. The ancient Greeks and Romans considered tattooing a "barbaric occupation" and tattooed criminals and slaves. Tattooing was forbidden in the Christian faith. Nevertheless, Christians were the first to tattoo the name of Jesus Christ or the symbol of the cross on their bodies. Over the centuries, tattoos were forgotten, but in the early 20th century they became widely used, especially among sailors.

They were used to express romantic feelings, patriotism and religiosity and are still in use today.
However, many countries have banned and restricted tattooing on the grounds that it is unhygienic and can transmit certain deadly diseases such as AIDS. Tattoos are becoming increasingly popular, especially among young people. Although it is often seen as an adornment, there are sociological and psychological reasons behind it. In reality, underlying the desire to get a tattoo is the desire to give people a message about their personality, to try to impress, to try to look different from others, to prove themselves or to attract attention in young people.

In today's excavations, it has been revealed that people from ancient times have tattoos on their bodies in the remains under the ground. This shows that tattooing, which dates back centuries, is a social phenomenon rather than a fashion. Ancient methods were used in tattooing: pointed bones, horns, steel needles were gently inserted into the skin, dye was filled into the holes and a thread dipped in dye was passed through the holes.
Nowadays, tattoos made with modern methods are less painful than in the past, are made with less harmful dyes for health, and thanks to tattoo machines, they are comfortable and less inaccurate, as if drawing on the skin with a pencil. Tattoos are considered to be the first examples of social life in the world, emerging from extremely innocent needs, fears, likes, desires, beliefs, traditions, social class and status, lines and signs on their naked bodies, and used as a kind of expression of showing other people and nature. In addition to the struggle for survival against nature, the cleverly developed cutting and piercing tools and the use of fire, the introduction of tattoos into human life with these firsts is a product of the same intelligence and need.

In an environment where there were no clothes, they used tattoos on their bodies to frighten wild animals, to get more share from the hunted animal, to gain leadership and power superiority in the tribe. The fact that the practice of tattooing has survived to the present day without interruption reveals that it should be viewed as a human need. Turks, one of the oldest civilizations in the world, took their place in the history of the world with the empires they established in Anatolia in BC. Our ancestors, who developed in Central Asia, applied and carried tattoos on their bodies in every aspect of the life they established. The belief form of Shamanism, which is the branch of Buddhism they chose for themselves, made tattooing more meaningful in the Turkish society. Shaman priests tattooed their disciples and they believed that the evil and bad luck were removed from their bodies. In the original communities where Turks were often seen, tattoos were done in a mystical ritual.
Today's artists and tattoo art are slowly starting to come to their rightful places, drawing attention to the aesthetics of people who are beautiful from creation, reflecting their style, completing the missing visuals, allowing people to express themselves more clearly, people from almost all walks of life want to have tattoos, small and large tattoos appear when the summer months approach, determined people prefer permanent tattoos, while people who are undecided and have not yet made their choice prefer temporary tattoos.

Traditionally, tattooing was most common in south-eastern Anatolia, where the Karachi, a nomadic community, practiced it as a profession. They preferred to tattoo after puberty, usually at the beginning of spring, and tattooing was more common among women. In 1991, in a survey conducted in the Barak region of Gaziantep, tattoos were found on the hands and face of men and women over the age of 45-50. In young girls aged 18-20, it was found only as a spot on the right cheek. In those years, before tattooing, the determined shapes are drawn on the body with the help of a burnt matchstick, 3 or 9 numbers (also known to have a mystical feature) are brought together and the skin is beaten with tightly tied needles. The mixture prepared with soot taken from the bottom of the cauldrons is placed on the lower skin during this beating. Over time, the scabs on the scabbed wound begin to fall off and the patterns underneath begin to emerge.
Tattoos are preferred by men and women in various places. In women, it is generally preferred on the neck, chin, upper hand, ankles, chest, while in men, tattoos are found on the nose, in the middle of the forehead and on the arms.

In response to questions about what the tattoos are for, although they are said to be for ornamental purposes, women and men over the age of 60 stated that they have tattoos with the belief that they bring good luck, increase earnings and ensure fertility. Even women who did not have children believed that they would have children with tattoos on their waist. However, since they were considered strange by other people, they tried to remove their tattoos from their faces with acidic substances, but they were not successful.
In 1994, in one of the Turkmen villages in Çankırı, women around 55-60 years of age had a tattoo of a crescent star on the upper part of their nose and in the center of their forehead, and apart from this tattoo, they had no other tattoos elsewhere on their bodies. The peculiarity of this tattoo is that the milk of a mother who had just given birth to a baby girl was mixed with soot, and this mixture was used in the tattoo. Three needles were brought together during the tattooing and the tattooers stated that it was an ornament from their ancestors.

According to the researches conducted in Urfa, Mardin and Diyarbakır, tattoos are used for protection against evil forces and to prevent them from harming oneself, to get rid of bad luck, to get rid of bad luck, to prevent poisonous animals and predators such as scorpions, snakes, to prevent them from harming oneself, to be healthy, to be fertile, to look beautiful, To look cute, to be sweet-tongued, to be abundant, to be fertile, to protect their health, and to cure diseases, tattoos around the eyes are thought to be good for headaches, tattoos on the arms are thought to be good for arm pain, and tattoos on the legs are thought to prevent numbness.
Each tribe has its own tattoos, each tribe has its own symbols and does not use the symbols of other tribes. It can be seen that no matter where on the body a figure is tattooed, the belief in tattoos is used as a magical tool.
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